Toronto Notes

Post type: Illustration

These illustrations are published in Toronto Notes 2013-2014. Toronto Notes is a study guide used by medical students studying for their medical licensing exam across Canada and around the world. It is edited by medical students at the University of Toronto. These illustrations were intended to communicate a concept quickly to students that are studying a large volume of information


Lag-screw Fixation of a Middle Phalanx Fracture

Post type: Illustration


This illustration is intended to teach medical students the lag-screw fixation technique and show the final screw placement for a specific spiral fracture of the middle phalanx. This illustration was developed from surgical observation of hand surgeon Dr. Paul Binhamer at Sunnybrook Hospital in Toronto. Continue reading


Neuroendocrinology of Lactation

Post type: Illustration

detail of the pituitary gland


detail of the mammary gland

This illustration is intended to communicate the neural and endocrine pathways of the milk ejection reflex in humans. The illustration differentiates between the anatomy of the adenohypophysis and neurohypophysis and how they stimulate the productions of the hormones necessary for milk production and ejection.

This illustration is a mock up for a full page textbook layout in a chapter on Neuroanatomy or Endocrinology.


Common Extensor Tendon Anatomy

Post type: Illustration

This illustration shows the anatomy of the extensors muscles of the hand and how they originate at the common tendon of the lateral epicondyle of the humerus. This illustration accompanied a larger illustration describing Lateral Epicondylitis, a repetitive strain injury in which this common extensor tendon become damaged.